The notions people in Europe have of their own cultural identity, of the European culture, of the relations between them and finally of Europe as a whole belong to the essential preconditions for an enlarged Europe. We deem these notions altogether “Mental Maps”. These are subject of a research project, which is currently at the stage of application to the 7th Research Framework Programme of the EU. In the first round of applications, the project was actually assessed positively, but did not get as far as the group of projects finally supported. The institute intends to re-submit a revised version of the concept for one of the next application rounds.